Click on this text to read book titled OTHER LOSSES: An Investigation into the Mass Deaths of German Prisoners at the Hands of the French and Americans after World War II

 
 
 
 
 
Other Losses caused an international scandal when first published in 1989 by revealing that Allied Supreme Commander Dwight Eisenhower’s policies caused the death of some 1,000,000 German captives in American and French internment camps through disease, starvation and exposure from 1944 to 1949, as a direct result of the policies of the western Allies, who, with the Soviets, ruled as the Military Occupation Government over partitioned Germany from May 1945 until 1949.

An attempted book-length disputation of Other Losses, was published in 1992, featuring essays by British, American and German revisionist historians (Eisenhower and the German POWs: Facts Against Falsehood, edited by Ambrose & Günter). However, that same year Bacque flew to Moscow to examine the newly-opened KGB archives, where he found meticulously and exhaustively documented new proof that almost one million German POWs had indeed died in those Western camps.

One of the historians who supports Bacque’s work is Colonel Ernest F. Fisher, 101st Airborne Division, who in 1945 took part in investigations into allegations of misconduct by U.S. troops in Germany and later became a senior historian with the United States Army. In the foreword to the book he states: “Starting in April 1945, the United States Army and the French Army casually annihilated about one million [German] men, most of them in American camps … Eisenhower’s hatred, passed through the lens of a compliant military bureaucracy, produced the ­horror of death camps unequalled by anything in American military ­history … How did this enormous war crime come to light? The first clues were uncovered in 1986 by the author James Bacque and his ­assistant.”

This updated third edition of Other Losses exists not to accuse, but to remind us that no country can claim an inherent innocence of or exemption from the cruelties of war.
 
 
 
 
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Review of ‘Gruesome Harvest – The Allied Attempt To Exterminate Germany After 1945′

By John Wear

Gruesome Harvest by Ralph Franklin Keeling was originally published in 1947 by the Institute of American Economics in Chicago. Although World War II was history’s most catastrophic and destructive war, this book documents that the death and suffering of Germans increased after the end of the war. What lay ahead for Germany after the war was, as Time magazine later phrased it, “history’s most terrifying peace.”[1]

 

Gruesome Harvest documents in graphic detail the rape of German women after the war. For example, a letter written by a priest smuggled out of Breslau, Germany on September 3, 1945, stated:

In unending succession were girls, women and nuns violated…Not merely in secret, in hidden corners, but in the sight of everybody, even in churches, in the streets and in public places were nuns, women and even eight-year-old girls attacked again and again. Mothers were violated before the eyes of their children; girls in the presence of their brothers; nuns, in the sight of pupils, were outraged again and again to their very death and even as corpses.”[2]

When Russian soldiers “liberated” Danzig they promptly liberated all the women of their virtue and chastity. A Russian soldier told the Danzig women to seek shelter in the Catholic cathedral to protect them from the rapes. After hundreds of women and girls were securely inside, the Russian soldiers entered and “playing the organ and ringing the bells, kept up a foul orgy through the night, raping all the women, some more than 30 times.” A Catholic pastor in Danzig stated,

They even violated eight-year-old girls and shot boys who tried to shield their mothers.”[3]


The devastation of Germany by total warfare cast serious doubt on Germany’s postwar ability to survive. Never before in history had a nation’s life-sustaining resources been so thoroughly demolished. Returning from victory in Europe, General Omar Bradley stated,

I can tell you that Germany has been destroyed utterly and completely.”[4]

The German people put up a brave struggle for existence despite the harsh conditions. Malcolm Muir, publisher of Business Week, stated after a five-week tour of Europe, including Germany:

The Germans are making every effort to help themselves…It is not unusual to see a milch [dairy] cow hitched to a plow, a woman leading the cow and a small boy guiding the plow.”

However, despite the best efforts of German farmers, the food situation became critical and then catastrophic.[5]

Millions of Germans were also sent to the Soviet Union to be used as slave labor. According to the International Red Cross (ICRC), France also had 680,000 former German soldiers slaving for her in August 1946. Of this number, 475,000 had been captured by the United States and turned over to the French for forced labor. After 320,000 German prisoners had been delivered, the French returned 2,474 of them to the United States because they were severely malnourished and unfit for work. Associated press photographer Henry Griffin, who had taken pictures of the corpses piled in Buchenwald and Dachau, said of these returned Germans:

The only difference I can see between these men and those corpses is that here they are still breathing.”[6]

 

The ICRC also reported that in August 1946 Great Britain was using 460,000 Germans as slave laborers; the United States 284,000; Yugoslavia 80,000; Belgium 48,000; Czechoslovakia 45,000; Luxembourg 4,000; and Holland 1,300. Keeping such large numbers of Germans away from their families was a direct attack against the German home and family.

 

The ICRC condemned the Allied slave labor system:

 

The United States, Britain, and France, nearly a year after peace, are violating International Red Cross agreements they solemnly signed in 1929. Investigation at Geneva headquarters today disclosed that the transfer of German war prisoners captured by the American army to French and British authorities for forced labor is nowhere permitted in the statutes of the International Red Cross, which is the highest authority on the subject in the world.

 

Although thousands of the former German soldiers are being used in the hazardous work of clearing mine fields, sweeping sea mines, destroying surplus ammunition and razing shattered buildings, the Geneva Convention expressly forbids employing prisoners “in any dangerous labor or in the transport of any material used in warfare…”

 

The American delivery of German prisoners to the French and British for forced labor already is being cited by the Russians as justification for them to retain German army captives for as long as they are able to work,” an International Red Cross official admitted. “The bartering of captured enemy soldiers by the victors throws the world back to the dark ages—when feudal barons raided adjoining duchies to replenish their human livestock.”[7]

 

Keeling was highly critical of the Allied denazification program after the war. The Allied program of denazification set out to ruin the lives of millions of Germans simply because the Allies thought that Germans who joined the National Socialist party had made a political mistake. The denazification decrees authorized in the Potsdam Agreement were inconsistent with the Potsdam declaration that “discrimination on the grounds of…political opinion shall be abolished.” Potsdam permanently dissolved the National Socialist party and its affiliated organizations and institutions. The Potsdam Agreement commanded that

 

Nazi leaders, influential Nazi supporters and high officials of Nazi organizations and institutions…shall be arrested and interned” and that all lesser Nazis “shall be removed from public and semi-public office and former positions of responsibility in private undertakings.”[8]

Gruesome Harvest also discusses the mass expulsion of German expellees after the war. The surviving expelled Germans continued to face unimaginable hardships and suffering in Germany after the war. This is because, as Brig. Gen. William H. Draper, Jr. reported, the industrial output in the American and other zones was “far below that necessary to maintain the minimum standard of living.” Many of the surviving expellees died in Germany after the war. Millions more of the expellees were impoverished, without the assets they had lost in the expelling countries necessarily enriching those who took possession of them.

 

Keeling commented on the hypocrisy of the forced expulsion of Germans under the Potsdam Agreement:

Potsdam calls for annulment of all Nazi laws which established discrimination on grounds of race and declares: “No such discrimination, whether legal, administrative or otherwise, shall be tolerated.” Yet these forced migrations of German populations are predicated squarely on rank racial discrimination. The people affected are mostly wives and children of simple peasants, workers, and artisans whose families have lived for centuries in the homes from which they have now been ejected, and whose only offense is their German blood. How “orderly and humane” their banishment has been is now a matter of record.[9]

I recommend Gruesome Harvest to anyone wanting to learn more about the brutal postwar treatment of Germans after World War II. Along with books by Alfred de Zayas, James Bacque, and the book Orderly and Humane by R. M. Douglas, Gruesome Harvest is an important book that documents the inhumane Allied postwar treatment of the German people.

 

ENDNOTES

[1] Keeling, Ralph Franklin, Gruesome Harvest: The Allies’ Postwar War Against the German People, Torrance, CA: Institute for Historical Review, 1992, p. XII.

[2] Ibid., p. 58.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid., p. 1.

[5] Ibid., pp. 67-68.

[6] Ibid., pp. 22-24.

[7] Ibid., pp. 25-28.

[8] Ibid., pp. 31-32.

[9] Ibid., p. 13.

 

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Click on this text to read CRIMES AND MERCIES:The Fate of German Civilians under Allied Occupation, 1945-1950

 

 

 

 

Crimes and Mercies: the Fate of German Civilians under Allied Occupation, 1945-1950

recounts how the allies deliberately denied food to Germans after World War Two,

expelled ethnic Germans from their homes in the east,

and plundered their industries, resulting in millions of civilian deaths.

 

However in 1946, concerned Americans and Canadians, under Herbert Hoover and

Mackenzie King began to relieve the starvation with a food aid program which late in

1946 was extended to include the German people. This contradictory

policy of revenge and mercy has never been fully examined before.

 

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Crimes and Mercies: A Hidden Holocaust--Revealed 

A Review of James Bacque's "Crimes and Mercies:

The Fate of German Civilians Under Allied Occupation 1944-1950" by Eric Blair

 

Canadian historian James Bacque's new book, "Crimes and Mercies" [Little, Brown], is a sequel to his 1989 work "Other Losses".

 

  While the latter focused on the fate of millions of German POWs at the end of the Second World War, more than a million of whom the Allies deliberately left to die of a synergistic combination of disease, exposure, and starvation, his current book focuses largely on the grim, post-war fate of 60 million German civilians.

 

  Published this September, "Crimes and Mercies" is over 300 pages in length. These include over 30 maps, photos, and illustrations; a foreword by historian and legal scholar, Alfred de Zayas, and an introduction by the author; eight chapters of text, as well as an index, bibliography, notes, and appendices.

 

  But it is probably on page 131 that we find the epicenter of the book, and its seismic thesis; it is here, in a little, statistical chart, that Bacque's findings may be seen in a single glance.

 

                                   TOTALS OF DEATHS
                                  Minimum     Maximum
 Expellees (1945-50)   2,100,000   6,000,000
Prisoners (1941-50)    1,500,000   2,000,000
Residents (1946-50)   5,700,000   5,700,000
                      _________  __________
 Totals                9,300,000  13,700,000  

 

  "Expellees" refers to the 16,000,000 ethnic Germans who were driven from their ancestral homelands in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and elsewhere in Europe, at war's end.

 

  These included mostly women and children and elderly men who, with a few belongings in hand and running the gauntlet of deep, local animosity, set out upon the open road toward the rump state of Germany.

 

  "Prisoners" are, of course, the German POWs, the subject of Bacque's first book.

 

  "Residents" here refers to the German civilian population that survived the Second World War.

 

  According to Bacque, given the extraordinarly harsh conditions imposed upon them by the Allies (i.e., the British, French, Soviets, and Americans), at least 9.3 million and possibly as many as 13.7 million Germans, had, by 1950, needlessly died as a result.

 

  He writes: "This is many more Germans than died in battle, air raids and concentration camps during the war. Millions of these people slowly starved to death in front of the victors' eyes every day for years."

 

  Adding: "These deaths have never been honestly reported by either the Allies or the German government."

 

  It is this dishonesty, which is also part silence, part indifference, part anti-German animus, as well as corrupt scholarship, that Bacque intends to remedy with the present volume.

 

  Weaving in and out of the central storyline are a number of recurring motifs.

 

  There is the exposure of the unabashed inhumanity of the Allied leadership: Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, and De Gaulle.

 

  But it is the U.S. Treasury Secretary, Henry Morgenthau, Jr., who is the arch-villain of the piece, the one who hatched the serpent's egg: the vicious, vengeful Morgenthau Plan for the post-war "pastoralization" (read: the de-industrialization and abject subjugation) of the German people.

 

  Devised, "cancelled," then implemented via the punitive directive JCS/1067, the Morgenthau Plan wreaked havoc on the German economy and, by extension, the fragile European economy.

 

  Because of it, post-war reconstruction in Germany was delayed until late 1948; by which time millions of German civilians had already perished.

 

  By starkest contrast, the hero of the book--and to whom it is dedicated--is Herbert Hoover.

 

  It was Hoover who, in a spirit of Christian charity and true to his Quaker roots, led a worldwide food relief effort during the post-war era; saving, in the process, Bacque claims, probably as many as 800 million lives; a headspinner in a history book full of such daunting statistics.

 

  Hoover also lobbied for a food program to relieve the desperate conditions inside Germany, which, along with the Marshall Plan, helped put an end to the Morgenthau nightmare and rescued literally millions of people from a slow, agonizing death.

 

  Bacque also shines a hard light on the Western media, from the "New York Times" on down, for concealing or outrightly denying the Allies' complicity in numerous atrocities; on their craven betrayal of the anti-Hitler German resistance, the anti-Soviet Cossacks, and the Free Poles; and on the hideous cruelties they, as victors, inflicted on weak, defenceless, but fearless, Germen women seeking to help ill and starving husbands interned in Allied POW camps.

 

  Bacque's determination to shine a hard light on some long-hidden and neglected truths regarding the Western Allies and their often inglorious actions during and after World War Two will, as sure as night follows day, provoke the animus of the coterie of mythologists who have dined out on simplistic notions of Allied heroism and decency--and exclusively German villainy--for the past half-century.

 

  Recalling his bumpy ride following the release of "Other Losses", historian James Bacque expects that a firestorm will likewise follow the publication of "Crimes and Mercies".

 

  Up in Canada, in the letters page of the "Toronto Globe and Mail", a debate has already begun; and signs of bitchery, if not nastiness, are already evident.

 

  But what is encouraging is that Bacque also fully expects that the truth about this tragic page of German history will at long last be made known.